Polysemy vs. homonymy in lexical access and the mental lexicon

Lundi 19 Mars 2018, 16:00 to 18:00
Jean-Pierre Koenig (Université de Buffalo, invité Labex EFL)
Anne Abeillé (LLF)

ODG – Salle 357

Jean-Pierre Koenig (Université de Buffalo)
Polysemy vs. homonymy in lexical access and the mental lexicon

The various meanings associated with a single word form can either be unrelated (in which case one talks of homonymy) or similar (in which case one talks of polysemy). The literature is unclear in whether the two kinds of words are represented in the same way in the mental lexicon. Part of the reason for this uncertainty stems from the fact that experiments exploring this issue do not always control for the joint effect of two critical factors (1) semantic relatedness and (2) meaning dominance (whether the two meanings are equally frequent). In this lecture, I present the results of several experiments that controlled for both factors and use a variety of techniques (continuous priming, masked priming, eye-tracked sentence reading) which suggest that polysemous words share semantic representations in a way homonyms do not.

Diaporama (PDF, 1,3 Mo)


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