Low-level segmental and suprasegmental phonetic complexity in typical and atypical speech (2/4)

Friday 31 May 2024, 15:00 to 17:00
Johan Verhoeven (invité Labex, City University of London)
Jalal Al-Tamimi (LLF)

Université Paris Cité – Bât. ODG – Salle 153

Johan Verhoeven (invité Labex, City University of London)
Foreign Accent Syndrome as a motor speech disorder

Foreign Accent Syndrome (FAS) has been regarded as a speech production disorder defined in perceptual terms: the articulation of individuals changes suddenly as a result of e.g. damage to the central nervous system and their speech is recognised as foreign accented by speakers of the same speech community as the FAS patient. The first patient with FAS was reported in 1907 by the French neurologist Pierre Marie, who described a patient whose original Parisian French accent had changed into an Alsatian accent after a stroke affecting the left hemisphere of the brain. Since then approximately 150 patients with this syndrome have been reported in the scientific literature.
This lecture will discuss the history of Foreign Accent Syndrome and illustrates the different taxonomical subtypes that have been distinguished. It will furthermore explore some of the salient neurological aspects of the different types. It will generally be argued that FAS arises as a misinterpretation by listeners of markers of 'state' as 'speech community' markers.